New research published today by the Institute of Economic Affairs finds that the introduction of a voluntary pricing mechanism for road usage would have a sizeable impact on traffic and congestion.
In this new report, Moving the Road Sector into the Market Economy, leading transport economist Gabriel Roth highlights important lessons for UK policymakers in tackling chronic road congestion through the introduction of road pricing. The research calls for customers, not governments, to determine the amounts and locations of infrastructure expansion.
Roads are chronically underfunded
- 90% of passenger traffic and over 60% of freight movement is by road, compared to 8% and 10% by rail, respectively. Despite this, government spending on roads is just a third higher than on the railways.
- Britain’s roads have become the most crowded in Europe, with congestion costing around £20 billion a year in the UK.
Road development has been hamstrung by the government
- Road users are not getting the benefits of competition. Governments are all too easily swayed by political considerations, which do not take into account what is best for drivers.
- Despite a shortage of roads, suppliers are disincentivised from providing additional capacity because investment is constrained by government policy.
The research recommends:
- A focus on consumer demand
Private providers should be allowed to enter the market and compete on equal terms with government providers. Prices determined by supply and demand are crucial to allocate scarce road space and signal shortages, alleviating traffic congestion for road-users.